After conducting systematic research with farmers, we realised they were all facing a common issue: diseases are dangerous to their crops and in the end, their yearly revenue. Some of them lose everything they have because of unpredicted pathogens they did not detect during the growing process.
Imagine you being a farmer:
You own or manage a large piece of land and do not really know 100% what happens at every single point in time all over your field. It is a gamble every time you go out to harvest. A gamble for your and other people’s lives. If an insect swarm, for example, has destroyed the majority of your field, you will likely not be able to make an income from this years' harvest, and consumers who depend on your production will have less to eat. In the worst case they will have nothing to consume.
Lack of information remains number one problem facing most small scale farmers in Africa today. Most miss out on new and improved methods of farming. Some, especially those in remote areas, have no access to information at all not even radio sets. Even those in the sub-urban areas with some limited access to information, don't have access to better yielding and improved seeds, etc. Most also miss out on proper information regarding cheap but effective farming practices such as crop rotation, the use of green manure, etc, to fertize the land. Another major problem here is illiteracy. Even in cases where there is some access to information, most poor farmers are unable to discern due to illiteracy. Illiteracy is very high in rural Africa. These extreme conditions lead to an annual loss of about US$ 7Billion.
As per the 2010, FAO world agriculture statistics, India is the world's largest producer of many fresh fruits and vegetables, milk, major spices, select fibrous crops such as jute, staples such as millets and castor oil seed. India is the second largest producer of wheat and rice, the world's major food staples. Yet, last years' food loses were reported to 141Million tonnes of wasted food. Agriculture is contributing 20% of national income and providing 60% employment of the population, There has been decline in annual growth rate and growth rate of agriculture.
Agriculture is the main occupation of people in Nepal as two-third of Nepal’s population depends upon agriculture for their living. Agriculture sector must be enhanced with implementation of new technologies as per farmers’ requirements. We talked to farmers and they are facing various problems. The farmers get inadequate information about agriculture or some even do not get any. Their farming methods must be modernized along with support of information technology.
FAO has rang the bell for assistance. Its our responsibility to help developing countries. Help the world feed the poor. Roughly one third of the food produced in the world for human consumption every year — approximately 1.3 billion tonnes — gets lost or wasted. Food losses and waste amounts to roughly US$ 680 billion in industrialized countries and US$ 310 billion in developing countries. Reducing food losses is an important option to increase food availability.